In certain situations and among particular population groups, alcoholic beverages should be avoided:
For children and young people under 18 years of age, not drinking alcohol is the safest option.
For women who are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or breastfeeding, not drinking is the safest option.
Former alcohol-dependent individuals or those with a family history of alcohol dependence.
In some situations, not drinking is the safest option; this includes:
at the workplace,
when taking part in recreational or occupational activities that require a high level of attention, psychomotor skills, and concentration (e.g., driving, water activities, operating heavy machinery, etc.)
A range of individuals may need to seek professional advice about drinking because of the possible interactions and harmful effects such as; individuals taking medication; individuals with alcohol-related or other physical conditions that deteriorate or be affected by alcohol; individuals with mental health conditions.
As with any other alcoholic beverages, the consumption of wine affects the capacity to perform certain activities, such as driving. Drinking has consequences on the driver’s psychomotor functions and vision as well as to his behaviour and attitude. The best advice is to avoid drinking alcoholic beverages, if you drive. In any case, the BAC limits established for drivers should never be exceeded!
The consumption of alcoholic beverages by pregnant women can cause malformations of the embryo and their offspring may exhibit symptoms of foetal alcohol effects, or even lead to foetal alcohol syndrome; this relationship has been established for heavy alcohol consumption. A no-effect level without harming the unborn child, has not been established. This is the reason why alcoholic beverages should be avoided during pregnancy.
Underage individuals should not drink. Young people are at particular risk of harm from excessive alcohol consumption because it interferes with their growth, nutritional status and personality development. The (negative) effects of alcohol misuse are a lot more pronounced in young people. This is due both to their physical immaturity and to psychological factors.