The number of calories in wine varies from year to year and vintage to vintage. The exact wine calories depend both on the alcohol and the sugar content.
The calories contained in alcoholic beverages mainly come from ethanol (1g of alcohol = 7 Kcal). A drinking unit of 10 g of alcohol will contain 70 Kcal.
Wines with a higher alcohol volume (% abv) will have more calories than low alcohol volume wines, for example a fortified wine versus a light white wine.
The alcohol content of a wine can thus be a good first step to knowing the calorie content in wine.
Grapes contain sugar and when the grapes are crashed this sugar is passed to the grape juice (must). During the must fermentation, the sugar ferments into ethanol (alcohol). When the alcohol reaches a certain level, the fermentation stops but some sugar may remain in the wine, this is called residual sugar. Depending on the quantity of the residual sugar the still wines are classified as dry, semi-dry, semi-sweet, sweet.
The wines’ residual sugar should not be left aside when calculating the calories in a wine !
Considering that each gram of sugar accounts for 4 calories, the more sugar there is in the wine, the higher the caloric content of the wine will be.
→ Where does the sugar of the wine come from and how many grams of sugar are there in a wine?
The total calories in wine can vary from vintage to vintage and according to the type of wine (dry, semi dry, semi-sweet, sweet).
Please find some guidance hereunder around the number of calories in red wine and white wine, sparkling and aromatised wines, and fortified and liquor wines, the number of calories in a glass of wine and estimations around the number of calories in a full 750ml bottle of wine.
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A bottle of wine:
If you are looking to limit your calorie intake and wish to know how many calories are in a glass or in a bottle of wine, you should take into consideration the type of wine, the amount of ethanol (1g of alcohol = 7 Kcal) and the sugar content (1g of sugar = 4 Kcal).
Dry wines have a small amount or no sugars at all while sweet wines can have different levels of sweetness (from medium to lusciously sweet). The alcohol level depends on many different parameters such as the grape variety, the region climate / terroir and the vinification process.
→ How many calories are in a glass of wine will depend on the type of wine and the size of the glass.
Calories in supersize glasses can add up quickly, click here for more information about drinking guidelines.
It is important to consider not only the calorie intake, but also try to learn more about the wine you are about to drink. This will enhance your enjoyment and appreciation of the wine and will also help you make successful pairings with food, creating an overall greater experience.
A small glass of 100 ml of red wine at 13% volume will have 74 calories, while a serving size of 125 ml will have 92 calories.
A large (175ml) glass of red wine at 13% volume will have 129 calories and a very large (250ml) glass of red wine at 13% volume will have 184 calories.
We suggest avoiding the very large glasses of 250 ml of wine. See how much wine is too much.
Red wines light in body are usually refreshing with crisp acidity and easy to drink. An example of a light-bodied red wine is Pinot Noir from France or Beaujolais.
The calories in a standard (750ml) bottle of Pinot Noir at 12.5% volume will be around 530.
Medium bodied red wines are easy to pair with a variety of foods and these wines will feel richer with a more substantial texture. Examples of medium-bodied wines can give varieties such as Merlot, Grenache, Cabernet Franc.
A standard (750ml) bottle of Merlot at 13% volume will therefore have around 570 calories.
Cabernet Sauvignon, Malbec, Syrah or Tempranillo are wine grapes that can give full bodied red wines. The wines will be powerful and will seem more concentrated with a great tannic structure, higher alcohol levels and density of aromas. They can be appreciated alongside a number of meat based dishes and pasta.
A bottle of Cabernet Sauvignon at 14% volume for example will have around 662 calories for 750 ml.
A small (100 ml) glass of dry white wine at 11.5% volume will have around 65 calories whereas a medium dry white wine at 13.5% volume will have around 76 calories, and a sweet white wine will start at 91 calories due to the sugar content as well as the alcohol. This means that a medium and large glass of white wine will have a different calorie count based on the type of wine.
Planning to open a bottle of white wine for dinner tonight? Note that the grape variety, the style of wine, the region and the vinification technique determine the level of alcohol and sugar and thus how many calories are in the bottle.
In most cases a dry white wine will be refreshing with lively acidity. It can be appreciated in its youth displaying fruity varietal aromas while a few of them can age developing a great complexity.
A bottle of Pinot Gris/Pinot Grigio, or Sauvignon Blanc at 11.5% volume for example will have approximately 490 calories per 750ml.
A full bodied white wine is often appreciated for its rich texture and concentrated flavour; butter, vanilla or crème aromas result from the winemaking techniques usually involving barrel-ageing, less-contact and barrel-fermentation. Many grapes can give full-bodied wines, however Chardonnay will probably wear the crown in this category.
The calories in a bottle of Chardonnay at 13.5 % volume of 750 ml will be ~ 590 calories.
Aromatic white wines present aromas of ripe fruit. They can go from very dry to liquorous; and they will nicely accompany Indian or Asian cuisine and their spices. A bottle of aromatic white wine for example will have around 507 calories for a medium dry Riesling wine at 11.50 % volume.
Rose wines are usually a little bit lighter than red wines which means less alcohol.
A standard glass of dry rose wine at 12,5% volume (~100ml) will thus have around 71 calories.
Rose wines can vary from dry and mineral to sweet and fruity.
The calories in a bottle of rose wine will therefore vary depending on the grape variety used and the alcohol level. As an average, you can expect around 549 calories/bottle for a dry medium alcohol rose wine at 12.5% volume.
How many calories are there in a glass of sparkling wine?
Did you know that the loved and refined bubbles in sparkling wines are produced during the alcoholic fermentation when yeasts feed sugar and produce alcohol and carbon dioxide?
Sparkling wines usually have lower alcohol level between 11% to 12.5% alcohol per volume as a result of their production method.
A glass of 100ml extra brut sparkling wine at 12% volume will have around ~69 calories, whereas a 100ml medium dry sparkling wine will count ~84 calories.
You can serve the sparkling wine in a nice flute glass and enjoy the bubbles forming a string of pearls, as they rise to the top or even serve it in a white wine glass to enhance the appreciation of its aromas and taste. Always drink in moderation, enjoying the wine with good food and company.
Produced all over the world, sparkling wines are appreciated for their elegance.
There are two types of production for a sparkling wine: the traditional method used in Champagne and the tank method also known as Charmat method. A bottle of sparkling wine such as Champagne, Cava or Prosecco will have between 470 and 675 calories.
Aromatised wines such as Vermouth are fortified wines that have been flavoured with roots, spices and fruits as well as herbs. Serving sizes are usually smaller than those served for still wines. A serving portion of 85ml at 15% volume of Vermouth or other aromatized wine will have around 84 calories.
Fortified/liqueur wines are made by adding alcohol either before, during or at the end of alcoholic fermentation. Their alcohol can rise up to 20% by volume or even higher. Their style can range from dry to sweet. The sweeter styles such as Port, sweet Sherries or sweet Madeira are tasteful and always served in smaller portions. The serving portion can vary between 60 and 85ml.
A glass of dessert wine of ~85ml at 15% volume will therefore count around ~88 calories whereas a glass of dessert wine at 20% volume will be around ~96 calories.
The alcohol content of alcoholic beverages varies from one beverage to the other. By legislation the alcohol (ethanol) content by volume (% abv) has to be indicated on the label of alcoholic beverages.
A Drink Unit or Standard Drink indicates the average content of pure alcohol expressed in the most common units of consumption, although serving volumes and consumption guidelines vary across countries depending on culture and tradition.
Serving sizes vary from country to country, making cross-cultural comparisons difficult. Most typical serving sizes for still dry wines are 125 ml and 175 ml. For fortified/liqueur/sweet wines the serving size is usually smaller.